The Conscious Optimist’s Guide to World Unity

About Eritrea - History & Culture

A seed falls on the ground. What kind of seed is it? We don’t know. We will find out later on when it grows into a tree. The rain comes. The sun shines. A month has passed and still we don’t know from the little sapling we have on hand what plant it is. But it smells like orange. It is orange. Now we know that whenever we plant the seed of that tree, we will have an orange tree.


We failed to guess correctly at first, but the answer was always written in the seed itself, in a language that only the universe understands.

When the seed fell on the ground, it got into contact with chaos. It had to fight entropy (disorder) and organize its energy and information to start to grow into a new plant. Finally, it grew flowers which, in turn, changed into fruits. That is the end of the cycle.

A seed fully grows into a tree. That is its destiny. There are forces that try to keep the seed in the ground. But it fights its way upward and as it grows branches and leaves, the winds and the storms try to break its stem. Molds and various insects destroy its branches and eat its leaves. The sun strikes mercilessly, sapping it of its last drops of juice. Despite all this, it continues to grow and produces what nature had decreed for it to produce.

The plant fights off anything that attacks its organic unity, otherwise it would disintegrate and fall to pieces. In a sense, everything that sought to disturb the plant actually ended up strengthening its organic unity. In brief, whatever happened to the plant helped maintain its unity and purpose.

The world is like a seed planted in the matrix of the universe. It fought against chaos and started to develop. That’s negative entropy. It produced oceans, mountains, seas, plants, animals, and a fruit – a human being.

There is a difference, however, between the fruit of a plant and a human being. The latter thinks. And as a result, the cycle becomes a spiral, going upward, towards infinity. Wherever there is intelligence, there is organization. What sort of organization? An organization characterized by infinite connections and growth. On top of collective intelligence, which helps humankind to organize and progress, there is also collective instinct, which may be called a historical force.

Many factors s h a p e historical f o r c e s . Historians write history and try to explain cause and effect, but they don’t know why things go this way instead of that or why a leader has decided to do this rather than that. If one were to ask Napoleon why he invaded Russia or why he was doing what he did, he would simply say that it was way beyond his power. Although he had a plan of his own, based on his intellect and experience, there was a major historical plan that he was unconsciously following. Can we call it a historical force?

Some might say that by studying the signs and trends of the times, by delving into the past and analyzing the present, it would be simple to predict the actions and decisions of nations and their leaders. But why in the first place do we have certain signs and trends? What could be, for example, the reason Columbus set sail to the New World a few months after the fall of Granada and the demise of the Moors in Spain? It could have been that the Sultan of the Moors sent Columbus on a similar mission and we would have a different world order at present.

My answer to why this one happened and not that one is the historical forces that work towards organic unity and growth optimized and took the right decision. Historical forces have their own way of choosing the simplest way to organic unity. Who would have thought that the few people from England who arrived in the New World in the 16th century seeking religious freedom could produce thoughts and values that transformed a people and brought forth the mightiest nation in history?

One can give all sorts of learned explanations. However, there are forces that transcend human designs. Historical forces have brought us through various social organizations by producing wars when necessary. From cavemen, with only loose family bonds, to clans, tribes, city-states, nation-states, and super states. Whether we like it or not, whether we are conscious of it or not, we are heading towards world unity.

Some people are not at ease with world unity. They see an Orewellian world ruled by a tyrant, a latter-day Pharaoh, or the Devil arriving to establish his kingdom on E a r t h . That i s a matter of personal belief.

Besides, evil can be fought more effectively by a united force. In a film I watched a few years back, set during the Cold War, the Russians and Americans agree to join forces to destroy an asteroid headed for earth using nuclear warheads. That’s uniting effectively.

If the world had listened to superstitious doomsayers in the past, humankind would have remained inside caves worshipping shadows. Early man was loath to put aside his tribal god for a national god. He feared growth for growth entails pain.

With a bit of sacrifice and tolerance, not only will there be world unity but one day we earthlings will colonize other planets and move toward planetary unity. Of course, there will still be earthlings among us who will keep on groaning and moaning, saying that this is truly outrageous. How dare you hand us over to a galactic Dracula?
The tree of humanity will grow with its roots firmly established in Mother Earth. Its branches will be the planets and its leaves the galaxies. And its flowers will embody the super intelligence that only the human mind can attain.

Was the transformation from tribal to national organizations also the work of the Devil? Was leaving the cave, where there was no security, and moving towards tribal organization, where there was more safety and more opportunity to develop, also the work of the Evil One?
If there is anything evil in unity, it is that there can be a tendency for hegemony: the imposition of one culture or one world outlook onto the masses. America’s policy of globalization has illustrated this tendency for quite some time now.

The world has witnessed a fully established unity of family, tribe, city-state, and nation. What is to stop citizens from realizing the advantages of oneness and wholeness of human relations?

Eritrea is an example of an ideal unity – unity in diversity. There is cultural and linguistic diversity in our country. Do you think it is easy to teach the nine ethnic groups in their respective mother tongues? Where else in the world do they do such a thing?

Indeed, it is very expensive and challenging. But we are doing it because that is the proper way to effect unity and harmony.

And this should be copied by all those who think of world unity.