After the fall of the Axumite kingdom a number of Beja kingdoms started appearing in the country and the Baqlin, Basin and Jarin kingdoms were some of the well-organized kingdoms. The kingdom of Baqlin: - were extended from the place known as Rora Habab to the entire Barka area. The inhabitants of the kingdom were agriculturalists and pastoralists, and they were one of the kingdoms that established some of the modern day cities.
Whenever one thinks about Eritrea, the immediate thing that comes to one’s mind is the existing strong harmony and coexistence among the nine ethnic groups of the country. Mutual respect and tolerance are deeply rooted in the Eritrean society which in turn serves as pillar for the present firm unity and nationalism – an asset rarely found in other countries. All these noble values of mutual respect and harmony symbolize the cherished slogan of unity in diversity. Despite the prevailing unity among all ethnic groups, each nationality is endowed with its own rich culture and tradition that distinguish the country as a multicultural nation.
Eritrea is inhabited by mosaic of diverse communities. They have various origins which all have links with other communities in the region. Some are Christians; others Moslems and few pagans. Some are settled agriculturalist while others live as pastoral nomads. Today Eritrea has nine ethnic groups, Afar, Saho, Tigrinyia, Tigre, Bilen, Rasahida, Kunama, Nara and Hidreab. Those Ethnic groups came to Eritrea from various parts of the world due to various reasons.