Next comes the question of coalition among other Ethiopian organizations, there were numerous national and multi-national organizations in Ethiopia each with its own and preferred forms of struggle. Their primary objective was to overthrow the Dergue. And what after the downfall of the Dergue? If these organizations fail to resolve the question before hand conflict and armed clashes were inevitable. The only solution was the establishment of a common front that would create a forum for trashing out differences and enable them to unite their forces and coordinate their efforts. If the alliance was only tactical, conflict was inevitable.
For this reason and since the prospects for voluntary unite were high, the EPLF called upon all Ethiopian organizations to establish a common front to overthrow the Dergue. After the fall of the Dergue the united front would set up a central administration or government. The United Front would ensure that the central government would be established on a basis of consent, equality and democratic discussions, and that the autonomous administration would ensure the full rights of nationalities. Moreover the United Front would have a common program and legal framework that clearly define the relationship between the central administration or government and the nationality self administrations or governments on the one side, and between the autonomous administrations or governments on the other. This would be the result of the struggle waged under a common front and a common program and was obvious that the EPLF cannot bring about these changes or impose its views in this regard, on anyone.
The third point of concern was the solidarity between Ethiopian organizations and the Eritrean revolution. Cooperation between the Eritrean people and the peoples of Ethiopia and the coordination of their struggles were important for the over throw of the Dergue. And also for eventual peace, stability, prosperity and progress of the peoples of the two countries and the region. It was for these reasons that the EPLF was establishing relationship with Ethiopian democratic organizations and had proposed the setting upof a cooperation and coordination solidarity front. Though the EPLF’s views and proposals were correct and realistic, the desired result has not been achieved. But the EPLF was not discouraged, as it was aware that the task demands patience, time, comprehensive study and correct handling.
Before we look at the regional and international developments that took place over the period we shall examine the situation of the peoples of the Horn of Africa.
The Sudan land, people and regimes has a direct and strategic influence on the struggle of the Eritrean people. Alongside with its international and regional relations, and in particular relations with the Dergue, the Numeiri regime’s inconsistent and disastrous domestic policies led to its downfall. The question of South Sudan, economic crisis, the demand for justice and democracy were the main problems facing the regime. Even though, the Addis Ababa agreement had helped Numeiri to mollify the Southern problem and consolidate his power, he reignited the conflict by violating the agreement and mishandling the problem. Under Numeiri, Sudan’s wealth gradually fell into the hands of a few Sudanese and foreigners. Corruption and misappropriation of resources became rampant. All these created a deep economic crisis. Moreover, the Numeiri regime violated the democratic rights of the people, consolidated its dictatorial rule and arbitrarily decreed laws that trampled on the unity and the rights of the people. These were the main causes of the peoples uprising that overthrew the Numeiri regime.