Eritrea can be classified into three major climatic regions: the highlands, the coastal area of the Red Sea, and the western lowlands. All are cooler during the winter months and warmer during the summer. However, these seasons are tempered by the rains giving each zone its own climatic pattern.
Topography is the dominant factor that determines the climate in Eritrea. For this it is truly a land blessed with color and contrast. A land where within two hours you can experience the youthful joy of spring, the warmth of summer and the mellow of fall. It is the slogan of the Ministry of Tourism-the land of “Three Seasons in Two Hours”. In that time you cans descend from the cool grandeur of our mountain ranges, through the flowering orchards of the central plateau down to the warm year-long summer breezes of our Red Sea coast.
Eritrea’s abundant fauna include ostriches, leopards, elephants, antelopes, gazelles, monkeys, hyenas, wild dogs, wild donkeys and more. The scattered but increasing presence of such species indicates the country’s steady return to normalcy and serenity, as forests and savannahs recover and flourish.
Eritrea’s rich flora is also flourishing again thanks to the well-designed conservation and environmental protection program. The country’s flora includes Acacias, Baobabs, Pine trees, Eucalyptus, Olive trees, Doum Palm trees and many types of shrubs and grasses. Some of them like the Doum Palm and Sisal for example, have significant economic value.